Free video below, and access to over 180 slides and handouts

How to Reduce Emissions of Heat–Trapping Gasses

    Just as every emission of heat-trapping gasses increases warming, every reduction reduces warming that otherwise would have occurred. That’s the “No Escape Clause”. Steps that we take to reduce emissions make a difference.

    For specific personal steps as well as opinions on preferable governmental policies, please see the following articles as well as further resources:

Article, Climate Change, How to Reduce Emissions

Selected key steps to reduce emissions: Flyer "Wonder what  you can do?" CCAGCNY Flyer.pdf, written by the Climate Change Action Group of Central New York CCAGCNY

Article, Carbon Trading and Offsets Counterproductive Compared to Politically Possible Carbon Tax

Hosted by– Initiative for local governments’ resolutions in support of a federal carbon tax, including a free model resolution.

Article, How to Redirect All of the Payment for Electric Supply to Renewable Energy

Further references relevant to the causes and impacts of climate change, and how to reduce emissions: References.

The legislative battle ahead is made evident in my Report on Climate Crisis Action Day at the US Capitol.

Businesses: Article, Do Well Doing Good in a Sustainable World

    Reasons for urgency include acceleration of trends leading to losses from weather-related disasters ($200 billion in USA in 2005), acceleration of glacial melting, rises in sea level that will likely force mass migrations from coastal areas, 25% decrease in volume of Arctic sea ice since 1979, collapse of Antarctic ice shelves, increasing oceanic acidity, accelerating rises in temperature that increase the spread of insect-borne diseases, increasing evaporation leading to increased water stress, crop failures, and loss of rain forests that have previously retained reservoirs of carbon from the atmosphere, and increasing release of methane from melting permafrost tundra and hydrates (methane has 21 times the global warming potential of carbon dioxide over 100 years).

     These repercussions of climate change have been increasing for three decades, as described in the slides that are downloadable free below. During the last decade these trends have been accelerating beyond any known possible natural cause. Therefore climate is almost certainly being changed by people’s activities.

    Our high global population using fossil fuels is very likely in the process of triggering worldwide changes that will transform the Earth. These changes could challenge civilization and the biosphere to the utmost. However, we can reduce and delay the damages.

     The following 54 minute video is distinguished by the emphasis on action steps for reducing emissions, in combination with compelling graphics and description of the several accelerating repercussions of climate change and global warming. The website that hosts the video supports that site with their popup ads that can be cancelled each time they appear by clicking the “X” in the upper right of the ad rectangle. If the ads are troublesome, the slides are below. Sylvester gives this presentation at various venues without charging a speaker’s fee.

"Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture, and How to Reduce Emissions":

     The following large files of slides from the presentation will take time to view or download. Any slide that seems visually very busy is a summation of graphics that get introduced piecemeal during the presentation. The texts of the slides and access links for viewing or download of each pdf are on the following pages:

Slides, Climate Change, and How to Reduce Emissions

Slides, Further Topics

Slides, Inundation of Coastal USA and Worldwide

   A further resource for slides is the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (

  Organizers of presentations can use this: PostertoAdvertisePresentation.doc.

                                  Global Warming Impacts Bees

1]   Insects are cold-blooded, so mites survive and spread more readily 

with warmer temperatures, milder winters, surviving to parasitize bees more effectively.

2] Pathogenic fungi likewise thrive with higher humidity and temperature. Humidity increases in general with a more active hydrological cycle [evaporation and precipitation] due to higher temperatures.

3]  Temperatures in the NE USA and other latitudes away from tropics have in general increased substantially more than has average global temperature, fundamentally because:

      3a] The tropics are a heat source relative to latitudes away from the tropics, so that temperature increases less in tropics.

     3b] Latitudes away from the tropics are heat sinks, so that temperature increases more in general.

4] Impacts on bees from pathogens that thrive with increasing   temperature may be at least as significant as damage from pesticides.

5]   The latest hypothesis holds that a virus in combination with mites is doing the damage. Perhaps bees’ immune systems get compromised from the effects listed above, making them more susceptible to viruses. ("A Metagenomic Survey of Microbes in Honey Bee Colony Collapse Disorder" by Diana L. Cox-Foster, W. Ian Lipkin Science 12 October 2007: Vol. 318. no. 5848, pp. 283 - 287)

      For a listing of the contents of this website: Site Map.


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